Language: EN MM

19 July

1947

The freedom enjoyed by everybody in Myanmar is not without sacrifice. On the morning of 19 July in the year 1947, Aung San together with his ministers were assassinated while having an executive meeting. Among the men who perished in that fateful morning were Sao San Tun, Abdul Razak, Thakin Mya, Ba Cho, Ohn Maung, Mahn Ba Khaing, Ba Win, and Ko Htwe This uneventful day was plotted by Aung San’s political rival, U Saw, who was convicted of the crime by the country’s high court. The then-President of Burma, Sao Shwe Thaike, refused the heinous crime and U Saw was hanged at the infamous Insein Jail. The assassination of Aung San and his ministers has been made a national day of commemoration for the sacrifices that all Martyrs have given for the country.


The assassinated were:


Bogyoke Aung San

PRIME MINISTER


Dee Dok U Ba Cho

Minister of Information


Mahn Ba Khaing

Minister of Industry and labor


U Ba Win

Minister of Trade


Thakin Mya

Minister Without Portfolio


Abdul Razak

Minister of Education and National Planning


Mai Pun Saw Bwar Sao San Htun

Minister of Hills Regions


U Ohn Maung

Secretary of State Transport


Ye Baw Ko Htwe

Razak's bodyguard

Tin Tut, Minister of Finance, and Kyaw Nyein, Minister of Home affairs, were not present at the meeting. Additionally, one of the assassins, Ba Nyunt, went to the office of Chamber of Deputies Speaker U Nu, who was not present because of a leave of absence due to minor illness. Ba Nyunt could not find U Nu. Later Ba Nyunt became the government witness in the trial process.

General Aung San & His ministries

General Aung San & His ministries, working on constitution

Many Burmese believe that the British were somehow involved in the assassination plot; two British officers were also arrested at the time and one of them charged and convicted for supplying an agent of U Saw with arms and munitions. A large part of the stockpile, which was enough to equip a small army, was recovered from a lake next to U Saw's house in the immediate aftermath of the shooting.
Soon after the assassinations, Major General Sir Hubert Rance, the last British Governor of Burma, appointed U Nu to head an interim administration and when Burma became independent on 4 January 1948, Nu became the first Prime Minister of Burma.

Quick Facts

Date: July 19
Name: Myanmar Martyrs Day
Time of Assassination: 10:37 a.m.
First Myanamr Martyrs' Day: 20 July 1947 in Yangon